Archive for the ‘Skin Care’ Category

SKIN AND COSMETICS: HAIR PRODUCTS

Monday, May 23rd, 2011

Hair styling gelsHair stylings gels are used to keep the hair in place and to provide a film which smoothes out the cuticles, making the hair appear shinier. Hair gels contain a resin called polyvinyl pyrollidone, which is also used in mascara. The main problem is that this chemical attracts water, making it sticky in humid weather. To get around this, a newer chemical, called polyvinyl pyrollidone vinyl acetate (PVPVA), has been incorporated into many gels. The main problem with this is that it builds up on the hair and is often not removed by regular shampooing. If you do use a styling gel, it is important to use a good cleansing shampoo to prevent a build up of flaky gel. Styling gels do not damage the hair, but rather protect it. They are also available as sprays, many of which contain the same glue used in Super Glue, called methyl methacrylate. This is a potent source of allergic reactions.
Hair permsThe desire to have thick, wavy hair has transcended all fashion trends so that hair-perming products remain ever-popular. Most perming solutions are made from a chemical called thioglycollate, which breaks the hair bonds, allowing them to be either curled or straightened. This chemical is also used in hair removal products, and damages the hair shafts.The old-fashioned perms, called alkaline perms, were extremely damaging, but gave a long-lasting, tight curl. More recently, a gentler acid perm has become popular due to its less damaging effects on the hair. However, the curls tend to be looser and do not last as long, and the solution often causes allergic reactions.Home perms, which can be bought from chemists, can be based on either a very weak thioglycollate solution or a sulphite solution. These produce a much weaker curl, but are quite safe for home use. Sulphite perms, however, can cause severe reactions in asthma sufferers.
*90/150/5*

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COSMETIC SURGERY FOR AGEING SKIN: BROW-LIFTING

Friday, April 29th, 2011

Brow-lifting also has an anti-gravity effect. The forehead skin and underlying membrane are lifted and re-attached behind the hairline, so that the scar is hidden. Brow-lifting is a good procedure for horizontal frown lines as well as drooping eyebrows, and is often combined with face-lifting and eye-lifting.Traditionally, a cut is made either at or behind the hairline across the entire length of the forehead. The muscle and fat are then pulled upwards and excess skin is removed. At the same time the muscles are cut to try to decrease frowning after the operation.Post-operatively, there is generally considerable swelling and bruising which takes several weeks to disappear. Numbness of the forehead and tenderness along the incision line are usual for several months but will eventually disappear.New advances in laser surgery have meant that brow-lifting can now be performed with certain lasers, for example the KTP laser, with minimal swelling and bruising. Smaller incisions can be made, producing a less visible and uncomfortable scar.
*95/150/5*

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DAILY PLAN FOR HEALTHY SKIN: LUNCH AND EVENING MEAL

Sunday, March 20th, 2011
The lunch meal may include either salad or nicely cooked vegetables or sometimes both. If it is a salad it should consist of all kinds of fresh raw salad vegetables prepared with great delicacy to appeal to one’s gustatory enjoyment. This is very important. A salad prepared with slovenliness may offend the sight and the taste and spoil the meal. The use of vinegar on the salad is an error that must be avoided. The only acid allowed in this way should be that of lemon juice, either fresh or bottled. Mixed with olive oil, it makes an admirable salad dressing and is in itself a very good food. Skin sufferers should be sparing with the use of salt. We may add to the salad starchy foods, such as good whole-wheat bread, or baked potatoes or other food of a similar kind. A moderate amount of butter should be taken, and for dessert a few nuts and dried fruit are admirable.
It will be noticed that the foods included in this meal will need a good deal of chewing, so that it may not be taken in a hurry in any circumstances. If, for any reason, the time cannot be given to such a meal, then it is better to take a bowl of slippery elm food, or some such starchy food that can be easily digested. To rush a salad meal is asking for digestive trouble, and many people do this and then complain that they find it indigestible.
The water drinking, and any form of active treatment that may be required, will be done before the early evening meal. Even if one is fully occupied, arrangements should be made for the water drinking, but, of course, the application of fomentations and compresses may have to wait until the day’s work is done. There is no harm in taking a cup of weak tea in the afternoon with either a slice of lemon or a dash of milk, but no sugar should be added.
The evening meal should be taken at about seven o’clock, and this should be the main meal for anyone who is occupied for a full day. It should consist of meat, fish, eggs, cheese or nuts or some other preparation which those who are vegetarians may decide upon. We have to have a certain amount of protein at one meal, and in choosing our foods we must bear this fact in mind. As most protein foods are cooked, like meat and fish, etc., it is a good plan to have nicely cooked vegetables at the same meal. Now there are many kinds of vegetables that can be served in this way, and the housewife should try to vary them as much as possible. The usual practice of confining them mostly to potatoes and cabbage is a great mistake. This arrangement is all right for one or two meals in the course of the week, but other kinds of vegetable should be used at the other meals. All vegetables differ not only in taste but in the various vitamins and minerals salts which they contain; by using a wide variety of them we make sure that the body is properly supplied.
The dessert following such a meal should never be of the heavy kind, and this proscribes boiled puddings, rice puddings, and all those that are made of starchy foods and sugar. It is far better to use fruit at such a time. It is much more easily digested and will not interfere with the first course. Those who are very fond of salad may take a salad in place of the dessert, and in some cases of skin complaints, where one is anxious not to overdo the fruits, this is a good idea.
If it is more convenient to take the cooked foods at lunch time there is no reason why one should not change the meals around. So long as the daily diet is balanced that is all that matters. One should remember that the more liberal the meal, the more necessary it is to take a period of rest after it. As the main meal is usually taken in the evening the period following is usually, and rightly, the most restful time of the day. It is a mistake to sit in an easy chair with the back rounded and the abdominal organs cramped, as so many people do; the back of the resting chair should be firmly upright, or, better still, a partly reclining position should be adopted. Those, who are apt to have indigestion after a meal, should watch this point very carefully, and sometimes it is advisable for them to lie quite flat for a time.
*43/154/5*

DAILY PLAN FOR HEALTHY SKIN: LUNCH AND EVENING MEAL
The lunch meal may include either salad or nicely cooked vegetables or sometimes both. If it is a salad it should consist of all kinds of fresh raw salad vegetables prepared with great delicacy to appeal to one’s gustatory enjoyment. This is very important. A salad prepared with slovenliness may offend the sight and the taste and spoil the meal. The use of vinegar on the salad is an error that must be avoided. The only acid allowed in this way should be that of lemon juice, either fresh or bottled. Mixed with olive oil, it makes an admirable salad dressing and is in itself a very good food. Skin sufferers should be sparing with the use of salt. We may add to the salad starchy foods, such as good whole-wheat bread, or baked potatoes or other food of a similar kind. A moderate amount of butter should be taken, and for dessert a few nuts and dried fruit are admirable.It will be noticed that the foods included in this meal will need a good deal of chewing, so that it may not be taken in a hurry in any circumstances. If, for any reason, the time cannot be given to such a meal, then it is better to take a bowl of slippery elm food, or some such starchy food that can be easily digested. To rush a salad meal is asking for digestive trouble, and many people do this and then complain that they find it indigestible.The water drinking, and any form of active treatment that may be required, will be done before the early evening meal. Even if one is fully occupied, arrangements should be made for the water drinking, but, of course, the application of fomentations and compresses may have to wait until the day’s work is done. There is no harm in taking a cup of weak tea in the afternoon with either a slice of lemon or a dash of milk, but no sugar should be added.The evening meal should be taken at about seven o’clock, and this should be the main meal for anyone who is occupied for a full day. It should consist of meat, fish, eggs, cheese or nuts or some other preparation which those who are vegetarians may decide upon. We have to have a certain amount of protein at one meal, and in choosing our foods we must bear this fact in mind. As most protein foods are cooked, like meat and fish, etc., it is a good plan to have nicely cooked vegetables at the same meal. Now there are many kinds of vegetables that can be served in this way, and the housewife should try to vary them as much as possible. The usual practice of confining them mostly to potatoes and cabbage is a great mistake. This arrangement is all right for one or two meals in the course of the week, but other kinds of vegetable should be used at the other meals. All vegetables differ not only in taste but in the various vitamins and minerals salts which they contain; by using a wide variety of them we make sure that the body is properly supplied.The dessert following such a meal should never be of the heavy kind, and this proscribes boiled puddings, rice puddings, and all those that are made of starchy foods and sugar. It is far better to use fruit at such a time. It is much more easily digested and will not interfere with the first course. Those who are very fond of salad may take a salad in place of the dessert, and in some cases of skin complaints, where one is anxious not to overdo the fruits, this is a good idea.If it is more convenient to take the cooked foods at lunch time there is no reason why one should not change the meals around. So long as the daily diet is balanced that is all that matters. One should remember that the more liberal the meal, the more necessary it is to take a period of rest after it. As the main meal is usually taken in the evening the period following is usually, and rightly, the most restful time of the day. It is a mistake to sit in an easy chair with the back rounded and the abdominal organs cramped, as so many people do; the back of the resting chair should be firmly upright, or, better still, a partly reclining position should be adopted. Those, who are apt to have indigestion after a meal, should watch this point very carefully, and sometimes it is advisable for them to lie quite flat for a time.
*43/154/5*

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