For people with CMV infection that is symptom free, no treatment is necessary. For people with CMV symptoms, two medications, foscar-net and ganciclovir, have been effective in treating the disease (although the virus remains in the body, the symptoms are controlled). Both of these medications are given intravenously, and both have potential side effects. A new, oral form of ganciclovir is now available as well. In persons with AIDS who are being treated, these medications must often be taken continuously, since stopping them would allow the virus to become active again.

The medication that has been used to treat herpes simplex infections, acyclovir, has not been effective in the treatment of CMV.

Researchers are working to develop a vaccine to prevent the acquisition of CMV but so far no vaccine has effectively provided long-term protection.


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